Dr. Pierre Cariou is Senior Professor at Kedge Business School. He is visiting professor at Shanghai Maritime University and the World Maritime University in Malmö (Sweden). Prior to this, he held the French Chair in Maritime Affairs at the World Maritime University. From 2001 to 2004, he was Associate Professor in Economics at the Faculty of Economics of Nantes (France). He completed his PhD in 2000 on liner shipping strategies and has since then contributed to several reports for private companies, for the French Parliament (Commissariat General du Plan), for the Port Authorities of Nantes and Marseille, for Casino Group, Natixis Bank. His main research interests are shipping/port economics, maritime safety and environmental protection. He is since 2014, Vice President of the International Association of Maritime Economists.