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April 22nd, 2017
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During the last 20 years, Latin America (LA) has seen an increase in investments in ports, as a consequence of important institutional changes. These investments have changed the availability and quality of port services, especially in the field of container ports. Furthermore, LA has been subject of greenfield or brownfield initiatives such as Lázaro Cárdenas, El Callao, Moín or Cartagena de Indias. However, similarly to other regions of the world, many Latinamerican ports remain located in the heart of big cities. These ports are...
April 20th, 2017
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 By Ricardo J. SANCHEZ and Lara MOUFTIER Given the dynamics of expansion strategies among carriers, maritime alliances have been increasing these last years and nowadays the world liner fleet is dominated by few of them. To better understand this and the puzzle of shipping alliances, we are analyzing its evolution and its effects on the current market situation. In 1992, the shipping market was driven by thirty shipping companies which represented around 63% of the total fleet. Carriers started to share capacity on assets as soon as...
April 18th, 2017
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By Theo Notteboom The Straits of Gibraltar is one of the most strategic points on East-West maritime trade lanes. Ports in the wider region around the Straits have good reasons to convince shipping lines of making a call at their container terminal facilities for transhipment and interlining purposes. The container volumes in the region grew from 660,000 TEU in 1985 to 14.01 million TEU in 2016. Algericas was the first to reap the benefits of its geographical location. Algericas at the southern tip of the Iberian Peninsula was the...
April 17th, 2017
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China is home to the largest port system in the world, certainly in terms of cargo volumes. Chinese ports are subject to a unique port governance framework which differs from the traditional landlord port system found in most key ports around the world. Port governance in China is the theme of a recent port study co-authored by PortEconomics co-director Theo Notteboom and Yang Zhongzhen. The global and domestic economic slowdown and structural changes in the economic base have affected volumes and freight traffic growth in Chinese...
April 5th, 2017
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By Ricardo Sanchez Lara Mouftier and I recently offered some reflections about the future of ports. Meanwhile, the prestigious shipping analyst Dr. Martin Stopford has done something similar on the future of shipping. Next figure shows a summary of the main elements and coincidences among those studies. Source: The Future of Ports by J. Sanchez and Lara Mouftier, and The Future of Shipping by Dr. Martin Stopford. Note: “International Regulations”, “port design” and “shipping” are free interpretations by the...
April 3rd, 2017
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The port reform processes in two neighbouring East African countries, Kenya and Tanzania is the theme of PortEconomics member Michael Dooms along with Sheila Farrell (Imperial College, London, United Kingdom) new port study. The port study provides historical analysis of port reforms in Kenya and Tanzania and is accompanied by a forward-looking assessment of whether existing institutions will allow these African ports to evolve in the same direction as North European ports. The authors examine whether or not Kenya and Tanzania ports are...
March 27th, 2017
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By the spring of 1994, Canada's dire financial situation had become apparent to the Government, and the policy decision was made to withdraw from government operation of transportation infrastructure while retaining ownership as a means of addressing Canada's fiscal challenge. Furthermore, Transport Canada's mission to make the transportation system affordable while ensuring it was safe, reliable and efficient was reaffirmed in section 5 of the Canada Transportation Act, 1995. The times were interesting as a wave of new public management...
March 27th, 2017
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Are port governance reforms embedded in specific institutional and economic domains? In their latest port study examining the recent renovation of port governance in Italy, PortEconomics members Francesco Parola and Giovanni Satta - along with Claudio Ferrari (University of Genoa), Alessio Tei (Newcastle University, UK) and Enrico Musso (University of Genoa) - challenge traditional models and proposed an alternative contextualization of governance schemes in local territorial contexts. The study analyzes institutional trajectories in...
March 23rd, 2017
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Compared with the port governance models and reforms endorsed in other countries, port governance in Greece has developed in many respects in a very unique way. Greece has departed from the initial choice to attempt the application of generic port governance models developed at international level opting for governance patterns that contradict the usual European model defined by the dominance of port concessions and publicly owned port authorities performing regulatory functions prototype. In a study included in a special volume...
March 17th, 2017
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In an article included in a special volume of the scholarly journal Research in Transportation Business and Management (RTBM), revisiting port governance and port reform around the globe,  PortEconomics members Mary Brooks and Thanos Pallis are joined by Kevin Cullinane to recap port governance and policy developments in 25 countries. A wave of port reforms was observed around the globe in the 1990s and early 2000s. Although these port reforms were eclectic in both their objectives and the forms they took, they did share a common context...
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