Viewpoints

November 24th, 2016
Viewpoints

By Thanos Pallis Cruise ports in the Mediterranean and its adjoining seas continue to adapt to new levels of demand, hosting bigger cruise vessels and seeking ways to accompany the contribution of cruising to port-cities and local communities with positive experiences for all their users. Celebrating 20 years of MedCruise surveyed the practices applied by MedCruise port members to further advance their cruise businesses. As detailed in the celebratory publication ‘Ports Together’, these strategies are associated extensively with...
November 17th, 2016
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By Peter de Langen It is increasingly understood that ports are spatial clusters of interrelated economic activities, such as chemical plants, energy plants, construction plants (for instance for components of offshore wind installations), warehouses, and terminals as well as a variety of business services Huge synergies arise from the co-location of such interrelated companies in ports areas. Many of these benefits arise ‘spontaneously’, for example, the Siemens plant for blades in the port of Hull will use port facilities for receiving...
November 13th, 2016
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By Peter de Langen Should port development differ between metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas? Some of the largest ports in the world are located in metropolitan areas, and quite often in central locations - think Barcelona, New York and Amsterdam – while others are located outside cities, such as Le Havre, Charleston, Richard’s Bay and Algeciras. The pressure on land use is often high in metropolitan ports, with retail, housing or leisure, among others, clambering for use of the land. From a public interest and policy...
November 9th, 2016
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By Jan Hoffman The UNCTAD Review of Maritime Transport 2016 has been launched this week. This year, we have placed a special focus on “Challenges and Opportunities for Developing Countries”. Here are a few selected personal picks: Demand We have a new geography of trade, which can be depicted quite nicely with our data on seaborne trade. Developing countries are no longer just the suppliers of high volume/ low value raw materials, but instead now also import large volumes of oil, iron ore, coal et al, participating in global...
November 4th, 2016
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By Jonas Mendes Constante and Alexandre Sánchez Pérez Difficult roads often lead to beautiful destinations. At least that is what people say. The truth is that a perfect storm is stepping over the port and shipping industry. On the one side, oil price collapse, trade/GDP multiplier below one, decrease of the emerging economies growth, supply overcapacity and some other external factors are putting pressure on the shipping companies’ results. On the other side, the advances in robotics and 3D printing could move part of the...
November 1st, 2016
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By Theo Notteboom Since 2015 four alliances are operational in the container shipping market: 2M, Ocean Three, CKY(H)E and G6. The merger of China Shipping and Cosco to form China Cosco Container Lines (COSCOCS) and the acquisition of APL/NOL by CMA CGM were the first major market changes signalling major changes in the current alliance structure. By Q2 of 2017, the new alliance landscape would include the 2M alliance and two new large-scale alliances, i.e. the Ocean Alliance and THE Alliance. In the past few months the container...
October 13th, 2016
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By Jason Monios As container ships grow ever larger to achieve greater economies of scale and hence cost savings, ports expand to be able to handle them. This expansion occurs both in terms of the physical size of berths and the speed and efficiency of handling the large drops of containers that must be moved in and out of the port gate and through the hinterland. Port systems evolve according to these trends, resulting in a concentration of container movements at a handful of hub ports within each range, and flows are then feedered to...
October 7th, 2016
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By Peter de Langen In a recent academic conference in Hamburg, various papers addressed differentiated port dues for green ships partly to address the European Commission’s evident favouritism of such an approach, writes Peter de Langen. While the idea is appealing, port policy makers may be overly enthusiastic about their potential impact while ports may see this as a relatively easy way to demonstrate their commitment to the environment. However, the impact of differentiated port dues may be limited for a number of reasons. Port dues...
September 22nd, 2016
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By Theo Notteboom China is home to the largest port system in the world, certainly in terms of cargo volumes. Chinese ports are subject to a unique port governance framework which differs from the traditional landlord port system found in most key ports around the world. Port governance in China is the theme of a recent academic port study had been developed by PortEconomics member Theo Notteboom together with Yang Zhongzhen. The study is now available online and will be part of a special issue of the academic journal 'Research in...
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