Cruise activities in Med ports


33PortEconomics members Thanos Pallis and Aimilia Papachristou, co-author the report "Cruise activities in MedCruise ports: Statistics 2013", that was presented in Cruise Shipping Miami 2014.

This report prepared jointly with Kleopatra Arapi, forms a useful reference tool for the entire cruise industry, by providing a statistical analysis of cruise activities in the Mediterranean region and its adjoining seas for 2013 - including information on market concentration - comparing the data with the immediate previous year and presenting an analysis of developments in the region during the last five years.

Τhe report explores the size and evolution of this market over the last year, the trends that the region experienced in the recent past. Beyond the presentation of the data per port, the report contains an analysis of the data per region, examining in detail what happened in West Med, the Adriatic, East Med and the Black Sea. It also contains an analysis per size of the port, information about seasonality of activities, detailed information of major variations from previous years and reports on market concentration. ;



DEVPORT Conference: Strategies to increase sustainable competitiveness in ports & maritime logistics


The final programme of the international DEVPORT Conference on strategies to increase sustainable competitiveness in ports & maritime logistics is now available. The Conference will take place on Thursday 12th and Friday 13th June 2014 at the University of Le Havre.

This scientific event aims to bring together researchers and professionals for two days of exchanges, in order to compare different disciplinary approaches to maritime et port questions, and to draw up an inventory of the researches in a prospecting way. This conference is included in the DEVPORT project, which brings together researchers from different research centers and universities.

During the conference, members of the PortEconomics team will present the following papers:

  • Spatial pattern and complexity of the global shipping network (by Chengjin Wang & César Ducruet
  • Incentive Approaches to Port Concession Agreements (Athanasios A. Pallis et Grace Wang)
  • Waste reception facilities in Cruise Ports: The case of the Med» (by Athanasios A. Pallis & Aimilia A. Papachristou)
  • The role of seaport-based logistic platforms in the automotive supply chain: Some evidence from the Lower Seine Region (France) (by David Guerrero, Adolf K.Y.Ng & Jérôme Verny)

The aim of this conference is to compare different disciplinary approaches in the following topics:

  1. The first concerns the adaptation of maritime, port and logistics operators to hazards of globalization including strategies of maritime shipping lines, port planning and development, supply chain development. They are part of research fields on which researchers have already significant experience capitalized.
  2. The second axis is to analyze a number of port models identifiable in foreign contexts and compare them to the particular case of "The Seine Corridor"(Le Havre, Rouen, Paris) or "Seine Axis". The ultimate goal is to find the best operating conditions of a regional port system, associated to a global metropolis.
  3. Innovations in transport have facilitated the development of flexible production and distribution systems both locally and globally as well as the emergence of an increasingly specialized and globalized economy.

The Conference is organised by the interdisciplinary center on mobility of the University of Le Havre (CIRTAI), associated to the CNRS within the mixed research unit «Identités et Différenciations de l'Espace, de l'Environnement et des Sociétés» (IDEES).

You can download the final conference programme



Port and Maritime Security: The European approach

Porteconomics member Aimilia Papachristou gave an invited presentation on the Conference entitled "Security at the EU Ports" that was held in the context of EU Projects "See Mariner" and "Support" by the Piraeus Port Authority.

During the first session of the conference Aimilia presented a research co-authored by PortEconomics co-director Thanos Pallis on the theme of "Port and Maritime Security: Τhe European approach".

The presentation covered the following three major topics:
1. The need for a maritime (trans)port security
2. Non-EU maritime security initiatives
3. The EU security policy

You may download the presentation


Port Studies in MPM: Reviewing advances, discussing challenges, identifying research streams

Dares Salam-Hoffman-3With ports being a key component of modern tranportation system, there is a growing research interest  in port economics, management and policy issues. 

Maritime Policy & Management (MPM), the flagship journal of maritime studies, has been a publication that advanced the knowledge and understanding of ports since its inception in 1973.

With MPM celebrating its 40th anniversary, PortEconomics co-directors Theo Notteboom, Thanos Pallis and Peter de Langen, joined by PortEconomics member Aimilia Papachristou, have published a port study that provides an analysis of all port related scholarly papers published in Maritime Policy & Management (MPM) since its first issue.

The study examines 267 MPM papers, categorized in seven inter-related research themes providing for each category a content analysis including main research topics and methods, authorship distribution and the citation rate of the particular categories. The study concludes with a discussion on current challenges for port-related research as well as an identification of emerging and promising research streams.

The study is published in a special MPM, celebrating the 40 years of Maritime Policy and Management, edited by Wesley Wilson.

You might download the authors' version of the paper @ PortEconomics:



Maritime Policy and Management turns 40 and PortEconomics pays tribute to its contribution in advancing the study of port economics, management and policy:

Photo: Jan Hoffman



Can ILO Port Labour Conventions serve port labour reforms?

International labour standards have grown into a system of tools for effecting work and social policy, backed by a supervisory system designed to address a variety of problems at the national level. Historically, the International Labour Organization (ILO) has acted as the international organisation which develops a system of international labour standards aimed at promoting opportunities for decent and productive work, in conditions of freedom, equity, security and dignity. In today's globalized economy, international labour standards form a component of the international framework for the global economy. The port and maritime world could not remain unaffected. As the organizational systems of maritime transport and the working life of those employed in the sector changed, international conventions were agreed to and put forward for ratification by UN member countries, following ILO discussions.

PortEconomics co-director Thanos Pallis and member Aimilia Papachristou along with Nikolaos Farantouris from Piraeus University, Greece and Nefeli Katsafourou, Competition Authority, Hellenic Republic, Greece presented their latest research on "Reforming Port Labour: Challenges to the ratification of ILO Port Labour Conventions in Greece", during the annual conference of the International Association of Maritime Economists - IAME 2013, that was held in Marseilles, France.

This study examines the challenges faced by the Greek state in adjusting the rules governing its port labour system to present day conditions, and on whether the ILO Conventions serve contemporary needs. 

In particular it discusses the outcome of the social dialogue that took place in order to avoid social upheaval and ensure effective implementation of new measures. The gap analysis presented for the provisions of the national legislation and those included in the two ILO port Conventions;  “ILO Convention C137 on the Social Repercussions of New Methods of Cargo Handling in Docks” and “ILO Convention C152 on the Occupational Safety and Health in Dock Work”, concludes on the extent that the ratification of either Convention would facilitate labour reforms. 

You may freely download the paper and presentation @PortEconomics



PortEconomics highlights contribution of 40 years Maritime Policy & Management to port studies

The flagship journal Maritime Policy & Management celebrates its 40th anniversary this year. To celebrate this occasion, Chung Ang University in Seoul (host of the Journal) organized an academic conference inviting distinguished scholars to review past and future developments in shipping and port research.  PortEconomics could not miss the celebration, with members of the team invited to give knowledgeable insights of the contribution of the Journal.

PortEconomics team members Theo Notteboom, Thanos Pallis, Peter de Langen and Aimilia Papachristou developed a contribution on 'Advances in Port Studies: the contribution of 40 years Maritime Policy & Management".

MPMThe paper was presented at the event by Theo Notteboom while James Fawcett of the University of Southern Carolina acted as discussant. The contribution points to the ever more important role of port studies in MPM. In the past few years nearly half of all published papers are dealing with port-related issues while this figure was less than 10% in the 1970s. Also, MPM paved the way for a maturing process of port research with many seminal papers on topics such as port productivity, the role of port authorities, port-hinterland relationships and the role of ports in supply chains.

The paper in its final form will, together with five other papers presented at the 40th anniversary event, be published in a Special Anniversary Issue of MPM which will come out at the end of this year (guest editor: Wesley Wilson).

You may freely download Theo's presentation

Also:  PortEconomics associate member Adolf Ng contributed to the event with a study on the evolution and trends of shipping research. Read more @ PortEconomics :


UNCTAD's study on utilizing FDI to improve ports

The UNCTAD study "How to utilize FDI to improve transport infrastructure - ports: Lessons from Nigeria" prepared by Thanos Pallis with inputs and assistance from PortEconomics member Aimilia Papachristou was released on January 31st in Geneva and New York.

Africa_-_APM_Terminal_Apapa_NigieraThe study draws lessons from the experience of Nigeria and its broad-based port reforms over the past decade. A rising number of developing countries have reformed governance models and introduced private investment and management in formerly State-dominated ports. Foreign direct investment in port infrastructure is an attractive policy option for many developing countries, although it is not without its challenges. The challenges should not be underestimated, and include, among others, establishing the necessary legal and institutional framework, restructuring port entities, managing the bidding process, negotiating with international terminal operators, and providing fair and effective regulation throughout the life of the project. The experience that Nigeria has had in the development of its port infrastructure and management provides examples for policymakers on actions that have led to success and challenges that arise when a country opens its ports to foreign investors.

Being part of UNCTAD's Investment Advisory Series B this is a case study of good practices in policy and strategic matters related to foreign investment and development in ports. It is intended to help policy makers with issues related to investment promotion and facilitation and the work of investment promotion agencies and similar institutions.

While it was prepared by PortEconomics co-director Thanos Pallis and Aimilia Papachristou, valuable guidance and local insights were provided by Stanley Yitnoe. The report was finalized by Cam Vidler and Silvia Constain. Contributions and comments were received from Chantal Dupasquier, Jan Hoffmann, Vincent Valentine, and Joerg Weber. The report has also benefited from views of current and former Government officials, the domestic and foreign private sector and academics. The programme receives financial support from the Government of Germany.

You can freely download the study @ UNCTAD's webpage: "How to utilize FDI to improve transport infrastructure - ports: Lessons from Nigeria"

PortEconomics @ Chief Instructors Workshop of the ILO Portworker Development Program

Contributing at the ILO's Port Worker Development Programme (PDP), PortEconomics member Drs Aimilia Papachristou participated at the Chief Instructors Workshop that was organised by the Brazilian Navy, Directorate of Ports and Coasts in Rio De Janeiro, Brazil, from 7 to 15 December 2011.

The underlying philosophy of the Portworker Development Programme (PDP) is the provision of centrally prepared training materials, properly tested and validated, to be presented by specially trained instructors working within a carefully established organizational framework, extending from national to port level. PDP has the development objective to enable the governments, port authorities, private port operators and training institutes to establish effective and systematic portworker training schemes, designed to improve cargo-handling performance, working conditions and practices, safety, and the status and welfare of portworkers. Currently, the PDP, which comprises of 30 training units (offering around 1000 hours of training) and supportive materials that are based on best international practice, mainly covers containers operations.

During this high-level course Aimilia had the opportunity to exchange experiance and knowledge on labour issues in seaports, with the Course Director & instructor Marios Meletiou (Senior Ports Specialist, Sectoral Activities Department, ILO) and other instructors of the PDP programme, including those of the Brazilian Navy, the Foundation Studies Sea – FEMAR, the Port of Itapoá, the Company Docks in the State of São Paulo – CODESP, the National Commission on Public Security in Ports, Terminals and Waterways – CONPORTOS, the TECON Rio Grande, the Francisco José de la Rocha Domingues, the Brazilian Association of Private Terminals – BAPT (PORTONAVE) and the Port of Fortaleza.

Read more about the Portworker Development Programme @ILO's PDP website.

Contributing to the review & adoption of ILO Guidelines on Training in the Port Sector

Drs Aimilia Papachristou participated at the Tripartite Meeting of Experts for the Review and Adoption of ILO Guidelines on Training in the Port Sector, which took place from 21-25th of November at Geneva, Switzerland.

The Meeting composed of experts nominated by governments of ILO member States chosen by the Governing Body of the ILO; experts nominated by the Governing Body after consultations with the Employers' group; and experts nominated by the Governing Body after consultation with the Workers' group. Expert observers from other governments and observers from a number of intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations also attended.

Aimilia, who works on PhD research on industrial relations in ports, participated at the meeting representing the Greek Ministry of Development, Competitiveness and Shipping. Along with the representatives of Argentina, Finland, Jordan, Papua-New Guinea, Gambia, Croatia, Kazahstan, Senegal and Zambia, they constituted the Governments'  Expert Group.

The Meeting reviewed and adopted the ILO guidelines on training in the port sector, which are the first ILO sector specific training guidelines. The meeting considered a relevant draft document that had been prepared by the Office with the assistance of an informal ILO working group of experts. This working group, which comprised approximately 70 port specialists from port workers' unions, global and national port operators, port training institutes, port related international governmental and non-governmental organizations and individual professionals had already met four times between January 2010 and May 2011.

More information about the Review and Adoption of ILO Guidelines on Training in the Port Sector @ the ILO webpage

Download the Draft ILO Guidelines on training in the port sector as discussed at the Tripartite Meeting of Experts for the Review and the Adoption of ILO Guidelines on Training in the Port Sector (21–25 November 2011)


PortEconomics members present new studies @ ECONSHIP 2011

PortEconomics members presented several new studies at the European Conference on Shipping, Intermodalism and Ports - ECONSHIP 2011. The Conference was the first PortEconomics endorsed event, an was held in Chios Greece (22-24 June).

The papers presented by the PortEconomics team were:
  • Chen L. & Notteboom T. (2011). Determinants for assigning value-added logistics services to logistics centers within a supply chain configuration. icon Download
  • Feng L. & Notteboom T. (2011). Small and medium sized ports (SMPs) in multi-port gateway regions: the role of Yingkou Port in the logistics system of the Bohai sea. icon Download
  • Kaselimi E.N. & Notteboom T. (2011). "Preferred" scale of containers terminals in seaports: A size distribution analysis. icon Download
  • Lekakou M.B., Pallis A.A. Vaggelas G.K. and Vitsounis T.K. (2011). Users speak: coastal Shipping Services and islanders perceptions. icon Download
  • Li J and Theo Notteboom T. (2011). The evolutionary path of inland waterway transport in Pearl river Delta china: The role of governance and institutions. icon Download
  • Ng A.K.Y., Padilha F. and Pallis A.A. (2011). Institutions, regional and transport development in developing economies: Lessons from Brazilian dry ports. icon Download
  • Notteboom T. and Rodrigue J-P. (2011). Global container terminal operators: from diversification to rationalization? icon Download
  • Notteboom T. and Cariou P. (2011). Bunker costs in container liner shipping: Are slow steaming prac- tices reflected in maritime fuel surcharges? icon Download
  • Pallis A.A. and Bissias I. & Papachristou A.A. (2011). She goes maritime: Women in marine and maritime education in Greece. icon Download
  • Rodrigue J-P. and Notteboom T. (2011). Looking inside the box: evidence from the containerization of commodities and the cold chain. icon Download
  • Verbraeken D. & Notteboom T. (2011) Land productivity of seaport ter- minals: the role of exogenous factors. icon Download
  • Van den Berg R. and de Langen P.W. (2011). Towards' inland terminal to inland terminal' as a new value proposition in container transport? icon Download
  • Vitsounis T.K. and Pallis A.A. (2011). Measuring port users perceived value. icon Download
  • Vitsounis T.K. and Pallis A.A. (2011). Rethinking port actors.
  • Wang S. & Notteboom T. (2011). Fleet distribution in the LnG shipping market: A comparative study with container and dry bulk markets. icon Download
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The PortEconomics Initiative

PortEconomics is a web-based initiative aiming to advance knowledge exchange on seaport studies. Established by maritime economists affiliated to academic institutions in Belgium, Greece and the Netherlands. It provides freely accessible research, education, information, and network-building material on critical issues of port economics, management and policies. The main objectives of PortEconomics are: (a) to develop and promote resources for increased quality port studies; (b) to disseminate the activities and cutting-edge port research and analysis conducted by the group members and associates; and (c) to foster a knowledge exchange network of scholars, policy-makers, practitioners and students interested in port studies.

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