This report prepared jointly with Kleopatra Arapi, forms a useful reference tool for the entire cruise industry, by providing a statistical analysis of cruise activities in the Mediterranean region and its adjoining seas for 2013 - including information on market concentration - comparing the data with the immediate previous year and presenting an analysis of developments in the region during the last five years.
Τhe report explores the size and evolution of this market over the last year, the trends that the region experienced in the recent past. Beyond the presentation of the data per port, the report contains an analysis of the data per region, examining in detail what happened in West Med, the Adriatic, East Med and the Black Sea. It also contains an analysis per size of the port, information about seasonality of activities, detailed information of major variations from previous years and reports on market concentration. ;
The full report might be freely downloaded: Cruise activities in MedCruise ports: Statistics 2013
Porteconomics member Aimilia Papachristou gave an invited presentation on the Conference entitled "Security at the EU Ports" that was held in the context of EU Projects "See Mariner" and "Support" by the Piraeus Port Authority.
During the first session of the conference Aimilia presented a research co-authored by PortEconomics co-director Thanos Pallis on the theme of "Port and Maritime Security: Τhe European approach".
The presentation covered the following three major topics:
1. The need for a maritime (trans)port security
2. Non-EU maritime security initiatives
3. The EU security policy
You may download the presentation @porteconomics.eu: 2013-Ports and Maritime Security-A European Approach-Pallis-Papachristou
With ports being a key component of modern tranportation system, there is a growing research interest in port economics, management and policy issues.
Maritime Policy & Management (MPM), the flagship journal of maritime studies, has been a publication that advanced the knowledge and understanding of ports since its inception in 1973.
With MPM celebrating its 40th anniversary, PortEconomics co-directors Theo Notteboom, Thanos Pallis and Peter de Langen, joined by PortEconomics member Aimilia Papachristou, have published a port study that provides an analysis of all port related scholarly papers published in Maritime Policy & Management (MPM) since its first issue.
The study examines 267 MPM papers, categorized in seven inter-related research themes providing for each category a content analysis including main research topics and methods, authorship distribution and the citation rate of the particular categories. The study concludes with a discussion on current challenges for port-related research as well as an identification of emerging and promising research streams.
The study is published in a special MPM, celebrating the 40 years of Maritime Policy and Management, edited by Wesley Wilson.
You might download the authors' version of the paper @ PortEconomics: 2013-Advances in Port Studies (Notteboom-Pallis-de Langen-Papachristou)
International labour standards have grown into a system of tools for effecting work and social policy, backed by a supervisory system designed to address a variety of problems at the national level. Historically, the International Labour Organization (ILO) has acted as the international organisation which develops a system of international labour standards aimed at promoting opportunities for decent and productive work, in conditions of freedom, equity, security and dignity. In today's globalized economy, international labour standards form a component of the international framework for the global economy. The port and maritime world could not remain unaffected. As the organizational systems of maritime transport and the working life of those employed in the sector changed, international conventions were agreed to and put forward for ratification by UN member countries, following ILO discussions.
PortEconomics co-director Thanos Pallis and member Aimilia Papachristou along with Nikolaos Farantouris from Piraeus University, Greece and Nefeli Katsafourou, Competition Authority, Hellenic Republic, Greece presented their latest research on "Reforming Port Labour: Challenges to the ratification of ILO Port Labour Conventions in Greece", during the annual conference of the International Association of Maritime Economists - IAME 2013, that was held in Marseilles, France.
This study examines the challenges faced by the Greek state in adjusting the rules governing its port labour system to present day conditions, and on whether the ILO Conventions serve contemporary needs.
In particular it discusses the outcome of the social dialogue that took place in order to avoid social upheaval and ensure effective implementation of new measures. The gap analysis presented for the provisions of the national legislation and those included in the two ILO port Conventions; “ILO Convention C137 on the Social Repercussions of New Methods of Cargo Handling in Docks” and “ILO Convention C152 on the Occupational Safety and Health in Dock Work”, concludes on the extent that the ratification of either Convention would facilitate labour reforms.
You may freely download the paper and presentation @PortEconomics:
- The paper: IAME2013-Reforming Port Labour-Pallis et.al.-Paper
- The presenation: IAME2013-Reforming Port Labour-Pallis et.al.
The flagship journal Maritime Policy & Management celebrates its 40th anniversary this year. To celebrate this occasion, Chung Ang University in Seoul (host of the Journal) organized an academic conference inviting distinguished scholars to review past and future developments in shipping and port research. PortEconomics could not miss the celebration, with members of the team invited to give knowledgeable insights of the contribution of the Journal.
PortEconomics team members Theo Notteboom, Thanos Pallis, Peter de Langen and Aimilia Papachristou developed a contribution on 'Advances in Port Studies: the contribution of 40 years Maritime Policy & Management".
The paper was presented at the event by Theo Notteboom while James Fawcett of the University of Southern Carolina acted as discussant. The contribution points to the ever more important role of port studies in MPM. In the past few years nearly half of all published papers are dealing with port-related issues while this figure was less than 10% in the 1970s. Also, MPM paved the way for a maturing process of port research with many seminal papers on topics such as port productivity, the role of port authorities, port-hinterland relationships and the role of ports in supply chains.
The paper in its final form will, together with five other papers presented at the 40th anniversary event, be published in a Special Anniversary Issue of MPM which will come out at the end of this year (guest editor: Wesley Wilson).
Also: PortEconomics associate member Adolf Ng contributed to the event with a study on the evolution and trends of shipping research. Read more @ PortEconomics : Evolution and trends of container shipping research
The study draws lessons from the experience of Nigeria and its broad-based port reforms over the past decade. A rising number of developing countries have reformed governance models and introduced private investment and management in formerly State-dominated ports. Foreign direct investment in port infrastructure is an attractive policy option for many developing countries, although it is not without its challenges. The challenges should not be underestimated, and include, among others, establishing the necessary legal and institutional framework, restructuring port entities, managing the bidding process, negotiating with international terminal operators, and providing fair and effective regulation throughout the life of the project. The experience that Nigeria has had in the development of its port infrastructure and management provides examples for policymakers on actions that have led to success and challenges that arise when a country opens its ports to foreign investors.
Being part of UNCTAD's Investment Advisory Series B this is a case study of good practices in policy and strategic matters related to foreign investment and development in ports. It is intended to help policy makers with issues related to investment promotion and facilitation and the work of investment promotion agencies and similar institutions.
While it was prepared by PortEconomics co-director Thanos Pallis and Aimilia Papachristou, valuable guidance and local insights were provided by Stanley Yitnoe. The report was finalized by Cam Vidler and Silvia Constain. Contributions and comments were received from Chantal Dupasquier, Jan Hoffmann, Vincent Valentine, and Joerg Weber. The report has also benefited from views of current and former Government officials, the domestic and foreign private sector and academics. The programme receives financial support from the Government of Germany.
You can freely download the study @ UNCTAD's webpage: "How to utilize FDI to improve transport infrastructure - ports: Lessons from Nigeria"
The underlying philosophy of the Portworker Development Programme (PDP) is the provision of centrally prepared training materials, properly tested and validated, to be presented by specially trained instructors working within a carefully established organizational framework, extending from national to port level. PDP has the development objective to enable the governments, port authorities, private port operators and training institutes to establish effective and systematic portworker training schemes, designed to improve cargo-handling performance, working conditions and practices, safety, and the status and welfare of portworkers. Currently, the PDP, which comprises of 30 training units (offering around 1000 hours of training) and supportive materials that are based on best international practice, mainly covers containers operations.
During this high-level course Aimilia had the opportunity to exchange experiance and knowledge on labour issues in seaports, with the Course Director & instructor Marios Meletiou (Senior Ports Specialist, Sectoral Activities Department, ILO) and other instructors of the PDP programme, including those of the Brazilian Navy, the Foundation Studies Sea – FEMAR, the Port of Itapoá, the Company Docks in the State of São Paulo – CODESP, the National Commission on Public Security in Ports, Terminals and Waterways – CONPORTOS, the TECON Rio Grande, the Francisco José de la Rocha Domingues, the Brazilian Association of Private Terminals – BAPT (PORTONAVE) and the Port of Fortaleza.
Read more about the Portworker Development Programme @ILO's PDP website.
The Meeting composed of experts nominated by governments of ILO member States chosen by the Governing Body of the ILO; experts nominated by the Governing Body after consultations with the Employers' group; and experts nominated by the Governing Body after consultation with the Workers' group. Expert observers from other governments and observers from a number of intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations also attended.
Aimilia, who works on PhD research on industrial relations in ports, participated at the meeting representing the Greek Ministry of Development, Competitiveness and Shipping. Along with the representatives of Argentina, Finland, Jordan, Papua-New Guinea, Gambia, Croatia, Kazahstan, Senegal and Zambia, they constituted the Governments' Expert Group.
The Meeting reviewed and adopted the ILO guidelines on training in the port sector, which are the first ILO sector specific training guidelines. The meeting considered a relevant draft document that had been prepared by the Office with the assistance of an informal ILO working group of experts. This working group, which comprised approximately 70 port specialists from port workers' unions, global and national port operators, port training institutes, port related international governmental and non-governmental organizations and individual professionals had already met four times between January 2010 and May 2011.
More information about the Review and Adoption of ILO Guidelines on Training in the Port Sector @ the ILO webpage
Download the Draft ILO Guidelines on training in the port sector as discussed at the Tripartite Meeting of Experts for the Review and the Adoption of ILO Guidelines on Training in the Port Sector (21–25 November 2011)
The papers presented by the PortEconomics team were:
- Chen L. & Notteboom T. (2011). Determinants for assigning value-added logistics services to logistics centers within a supply chain configuration. Download
- Feng L. & Notteboom T. (2011). Small and medium sized ports (SMPs) in multi-port gateway regions: the role of Yingkou Port in the logistics system of the Bohai sea. Download
- Kaselimi E.N. & Notteboom T. (2011). "Preferred" scale of containers terminals in seaports: A size distribution analysis. Download
- Lekakou M.B., Pallis A.A. Vaggelas G.K. and Vitsounis T.K. (2011). Users speak: coastal Shipping Services and islanders perceptions. Download
- Li J and Theo Notteboom T. (2011). The evolutionary path of inland waterway transport in Pearl river Delta china: The role of governance and institutions. Download
- Ng A.K.Y., Padilha F. and Pallis A.A. (2011). Institutions, regional and transport development in developing economies: Lessons from Brazilian dry ports. Download
- Notteboom T. and Rodrigue J-P. (2011). Global container terminal operators: from diversification to rationalization? Download
- Notteboom T. and Cariou P. (2011). Bunker costs in container liner shipping: Are slow steaming prac- tices reflected in maritime fuel surcharges? Download
- Pallis A.A. and Bissias I. & Papachristou A.A. (2011). She goes maritime: Women in marine and maritime education in Greece. Download
- Rodrigue J-P. and Notteboom T. (2011). Looking inside the box: evidence from the containerization of commodities and the cold chain. Download
- Verbraeken D. & Notteboom T. (2011) Land productivity of seaport ter- minals: the role of exogenous factors. Download
- Van den Berg R. and de Langen P.W. (2011). Towards' inland terminal to inland terminal' as a new value proposition in container transport? Download
- Vitsounis T.K. and Pallis A.A. (2011). Measuring port users perceived value. Download
- Vitsounis T.K. and Pallis A.A. (2011). Rethinking port actors.
- Wang S. & Notteboom T. (2011). Fleet distribution in the LnG shipping market: A comparative study with container and dry bulk markets. Download
2 Korais St
Chios 82 100, Greece
Aimilia A. Papachristou is a Research Fellow at the Department of Shipping, Trade and Transport (STT) of the School of Business, University of the Aegean. Greece. A scholar of the Hellenic State Scholarship Foundation (IKY), Aimilia currently works on a PhD thesis examining industrial relations in ports.
Before joining the PortEconomics team in 2009, Aimilia was a Lecturer at the Business Administration Department of the Technological Educational Institute (TEI) of Ionian Islands, Greece. At TEI Aimilia was teaching courses in “Marketing Management”, “Human Resource Management”, ”Advertisement”, “Market Research” and “International Economic Relations”. She has been also involved in port and maritime related research projects. Aimilia holds a BSc from the Department of Shipping Trade and Transport, School of Business, University of the Aegean, Greece (2002), and a MSc in Shipping Trade & Transport, School of Business, University of the Aegean, Greece (2004).
- Conference Secretariat at European Conference on Shipping & Ports 2011, "Maritime Transport: Opportunities and Threats in the post-crisis world", Chios, Greece 01/06/11-30/09/11
- Researcher at «Web-based E-Government Benchmark 2010» programmme, SOGETI LUXEMBOURG S.A. 17/07/09-04/09/09
- Researcher at «Web-based E-Government Benchmark 2009» programmme, SOGETI LUXEMBOURG S.A. 05/10/10-05/11/10
- Business Consultant of Center of Business and Technological Development of Ionian Islands 01/10/08-03/07/09
- Lecturer in "Marketing", "Advertisement", "Market Research" and "International Economic Relations", Technological Educational Institute of Ionian Islands, Lixouri, Kefalonia, Greece 21/01/08-30/10/08
- Lecturer in "Marketing", "Human Resource Management", "Advertisement", "Market Research" and "International Economic Relations", Technological Educational Institute of Ionian Islands, Lixouri, Kefalonia, Greece 01/10/07-30/09/08
- Economist-Business Consultant Since 18/12/06
- Digitization part of Tipaldos-Iakovatos Bros personal archive, Iakovatios Library, Lixouri, Kefalonia, Greece 11/06-08/07
- Lecturer in "Marketing", "Human Resource Management", "Advertisement" and "E-Commerce", Technological Educational Institute of Ionian Islands, Lixouri, Kefalonia, Greece 09/10/06-05/07/07
- Conference Secretariat at International Shipping Conference "Shipping in the era of social responsibility", Kefalonia, Greece 01/06/06-30/09/06
- Lecturer in "Marketing" and "Human Resource Management", Technological Educational Institute of Ionian Islands, Lixouri, Kefalonia, Greece 27/02/06-05/07/06
- Digitization part of referred to Epranisa Archive, Korgialenios Library of Argostoli, Kefalonia, Greece 09/05-02/06
- Research assistant in the project titled "Hellenic Shipping Companies, 1945-2000" organized by Hellenic Literary and Historical Archive, financing by "Stavros Niarchos" foundation, Athens, Greece 03/03-10/03
- Practical training during seminar titled "IT solutions for large enterprises (shipping companies)", duration 200 hours: Piraeus Port Authority-Statistical Department, Piraeus, Greece 19/12/02-10/02/03
- Practical training during undergraduate studies: Eletson Corporation-Operation Department, Piraeus, Greece 01/07/01-31/07/01
- Practical training during undergraduate studies: Navy Pension Fund-Cash Flow Department, Piraeus, Greece 01/07/99-15/08/99
- Pallis, A. Athanasios, Bissias, Ilias & Papachistou, A. Aimilia (2011). She goes maritime. Women in marine and maritime studies in Greece, Paper presented at ECONSHIP, 22-24 June, Chios, Greece
- Papachristou, A. Aimilia (2005). Correlation between port infrastructure and cruise traffic accommodation, Paper presented at IAME, 23-25 June, Lemessos, Cyprus