PortEconomics proudly announces the full programme, the opening of the registration - and the new dates - of the 4th edition of its PortExecutive Seminar, the two-day flagship executive training program exploring challenges faced by ports, port managers and regulators.
Following three successful editions in Belgium (Antwerp, 2013), France (Marseille 2012) and Greece (Chios 2011), the 2014 edition returns to South Europe, and will take place in Naples, Italy. The course will take place at the magnificent Villa Doria d'Angri, Naples.
Save the Date: 16 - 17 October 2014
The PortExecutive Course provides port and port-related professionals an in-depth analysis of the port competitive environment; port strategy, port governance, private-public partnership and port supply chains. It is brought to you by a unque team of leading academic experts and practitioners; all of them having extensive experience and contributions in the structuring of the port sector in all five continents.
Join a unique series of interactive sessions involving a mixture of decision-makers, the highly experienced PortEconomics team and industry representatives (shipping lines and port authorities), who will update you on developments in the port world and inform your future professional activities.
Registration is now open - and an early-bird fee will apply for those registering by June 30th.
More details can be found @ the section of the PortEconomics devoted to the 4th edition of our programme: The PortExecutive Seminar
PortEconomics co-director Theo Notteboom moderated the 'Port Lunch Flanders' event on 13 March 2014 in Antwerp. Some 150 participants joined the event which was organized by Management Producties. The conference theme was investing in ports. One of the highlights of the day was a panel discussion on the role of the government in port investments with George van Gastel of the National Bank Belgium, Prof. Francis Rome, Chairman of the Flemish Ports Commission and Nathalie Balcaen of the Flemish government.
The discussion mainly revolved around port infrastructure as public good, the major economic importance of ports and the feasibility of PPP structures in ports. The port customer side was represented by the directors of International Car Operators (ICO), a major car terminal operator and Sea- Invest, a large Belgian group specialized in the handling of dry bulk, oil products and fruit. Marc Adriansens of ICO referred to the investment strategy of mother company NYK Group. Bart laureys of Sea-Invest considers it important that the port is a good partner. The LNG bunkering issue also received attention during the event. Representatives from Fluxys and GDF Suez pointed out there is still need for a substantial increase in investment in LNG bunkering facilities. Another highlight of the day was a panel debate with Eddy Bruyninckx (CEO, Port of Antwerp), Joachim Coens (CEO, Port of Zeebrugge) and Peter Mortier (Adjunct Director-General, Port of Ghent) on the challenges facing the three major Flemish ports in terms of investment (Photo: left to right - Theo Notteboom (moderator), Joachim Coens, Peter Mortier, Eddy Bruyninckx). The panel discussion particularly focused on key investment projects, the public good issue and the role of the Flemish government.
PortEconomics co-director Theo Notteboom with his ITMMA colleague Indra Vonck have contributed to a French book on break bulk and bulk flows edited and published by Yann Alix and Romuald Lacoste for the Séfacil Foundation. Theo and Indra developed a chapter on 'General perspectives on the break bulk market'.
The chapter provides a general introduction to the breakbulk market in shipping and ports. Breakbulk is defined as general cargo, loaded into a ship/ transport mode as individual or bundled pieces, not stowed into a container, or not transported in ship sized liquid or dry bulk loads. The chapter discusses the historical transformation of the break bulk sector as a result of the rise of containerisation and the use of specialised ships and terminals for dry and liquid bulk. We demonstrate that the break bulk sector is a heterogeneous market which, despite volume decline, can be regarded as an innovative sector with an important impact in terms of value-added creation and employment in shipping and ports.
You may download Theo's and Indra's contribution @porteconomics.eu: 2014-General Perspectives on the break bulk cargo-Notteboom-Vorck
The book can be freely downloaded from the Séfacil website (section 'Les Océanides')
A strategic appraisal of the attractiveness of seaport-based transport corridors: the Southern African Case is the subject of the recent port study conducted by PortEconomics co-director Theo Notteboom along with Darren Fraser and was published in the 36th issue of the scholarly Journal of Transport Geography.
The past decade has brought significant growth at, and competition between regional gateway ports and intermediate hub container ports in Southern Africa. Corridors are the essential link between these ports and continental hinterlands. Capacity expansions of seaport and corridor networks (resources), in conjunction with efficient transport services/operations (capabilities) are important to guarantee the attractiveness of a port-corridor combination.
This port study focuses on the attractiveness of three Southern African container gateway port corridors (Southcor, Natcor, and Trans-Kalahari Corridors), all contesting the same continental hinterland, namely, Gauteng. By means of a corridor stakeholder survey, this study merges the corporate strategy concept of resource and capability appraisal, with various theoretical principles of corridor attractiveness. The resultant adapted resource and capability corridor appraisal model is then applied to the three corridor cases in question.
Consequently, Theo and Darren present an empirical framework which identifies each corridor's key strengths, key weaknesses and the extent to which each corridor is deemed 'attractive' by its stakeholders. Furthermore, this study reconciles theoretical assumptions of corridor attractiveness against actual perceptions of corridor attractiveness from surveyed stakeholders.
The Busan Port Authority held its first Busan International Port Conference (BIPC) in Busan, Korea on the general theme of 'Ports adapting to change'. The conference was held to celebrate ten years since the foundation of the Busan Port Authority (BPA). About 500 port leaders and figures in the global port and shipping industry attended the event. PortEconomics was represented by its co-director Theo Notteboom, ITMMA President.
In a session on 'Prospect for Global Economy and Shipping Industry' moderated by Kieran Ring, CEO of Global Institute of Logistics, Theo Notteboom gave his perspective on the current outlook and challenges in the international shipping industry. The liner shipping industry is characterized by uncertainty and volatility in freight rates and low or even negative margins. Consolidation, scale increases in vessel size and strategic alliances are used as tools to control costs and guarantee survival. However, Theo argued that these approaches do not offer a sustainable solution to the current race to the bottom in freight rates and the lack of stability in the market. While vertical integration could make shipping lines less vulnerable to maritime transport activities, the current market situation is characterized by divestments of shipping lines in terminals and inland logistics. His presentation was a clear call for a more resilient and flexible business model in liner shipping.
Theo Notteboom also moderated a session on 'Climate change and clean ports'. In that session, high level representatives of Hanjin Shipping, Hapag-Lloyd, the port of Hamburg and the International Association of Ports and Harbors discussed about the wide range of mandatory rules and legislation in place on the 'greening' of ships and ports, and the range of voluntary programs such as the Environmental Ship Index (ESI) and incentive schemes in the ports of California, Hong Kong and Singapore. The panel debate also contributed to the current discussions in the Korea Clean Air workgroup in the port of Busan.
The upcoming stringent environmental regulations enacted by the International Maritime Organisation (IMO), particularly at the level of the emission control areas (ECA), serve as a catalyst for exploring the use of Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) as a marine fuel.
PortEconomics co-director Theo Notteboom joined by Siyan Wang (ITMMA, University of Antwerp), examines the perspectives and challenges of LNG as a ship fuel in a viewpoint publish in Port Technology International [issue 60]
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The call for papers to be presented at the DEVPORT International Conference for Ports, Maritime Transport and Regional Development: Adaptation of maritime, port and logistics actors to hazards of globalization, to be held 12-13 June 2014 in Le Havre (France) reaches its deadline on 1st December.
The DEVPORT project brings together researchers from different research centers and universities. It wishes to initiate the establishment of a network that will contribute to the popularization research on maritime transport, port organizations and the territorial impact of these activities in the academia sphere but also in the maritime and port business world.
The aim of this conference is to compare different disciplinary approaches to two main topics:
- The first concerns the adaptation of maritime, port and logistics operators to hazards of globalization including strategies of maritime shipping lines, port planning and development, supply chain development. They are part of research fields on which researchers have already significant experience capitalized.
- The second axis is to analyze a number of port models identifiable in foreign contexts and compare them to the particular case of "The Seine Corridor"(Le Havre, Rouen, Paris) or "Seine Axis". The ultimate goal is to find the best operating conditions of a regional port system, associated to a global metropolis.
Innovations in transport have facilitated the development of flexible production and distribution systems both locally and globally as well as the emergence of an increasingly specialized and globalized economy.
Maritime transport is the backbone of international trade and a key engine driving globalization. Around 80 per cent of global trade by volume and over 70 per cent by value is carried by sea; these shares are even higher in the case of most developing countries. In the same time, maritime trade patterns and networks as well as their underlying port and shipping policies and strategies are becoming increasingly complex. This continuous growth of sea transport raises important questions about the changing role of nodes in the global transport and value chain such as globalization, trade and development, environmental sustainability, energy security and climate change.
Structural changes in international trade and the evolution of maritime transport have a direct impact on port and surrounding territories. Therefore, these elements and their recent characteristics must be examined.
Authors are invited to submit their papers in relation to the following core topics (list not exhaustive). The scientific committee will give precedence to criteria such as the originality and novelty of the research, while contributions from young scholars are particularly welcomed, from any academic discipline (e.g. geographers, historians, planners, economists, Management Sciences and transport specialists in general):
• Global maritime systems
• Hinterland Strategies
• River-sea transport
• Ports and Spatial Planning
• Shipping Market Analysis
• Governance and territorial Development
• Regional studies
• Sustainable maritime transport
• Port economics
The final deadline for proposals is December 1st, 2013.
DEVPORT welcomes papers in English, French and Spanish. The proposal must include an abstract (One A4 page maximum, Times New Roman 12 points), the title of the presentation, 5 keywords, the name of the presenter(s), short CV, e-mail address of the author(s).
Once the proposal has been accepted, we shall notify participants before February 1st 2014.
The deadline for the full paper is April 30th 2014.
Individual presentations at the Conference are limited to a 20 minute summary to allow for debate and discussion within the session.
The scientific committee of the conference is composed of the following members who are in charge of approving the conference programme in particular the products to be presented in the conference.
• Alfred Baird, Professor (Maritime Business) – Edinburgh Napier University (Scotland)
• Yves Boquet, Professor (Geography) - University of Bourgogne (France) - Secretary of the IGU.
• Jacques Guillaume, Professor (Geography) - University of Nantes (France)
• Theo Notteboom, Professor (Economy) – University of Antwerp (Belgium)
• Xavier Martinez de Osés, Professor (Geography) - University of Catalonia (Spain)
• Gilles Paché, Professor (Management Sciences) - University of Aix-Marseille (France)
• Thanos Pallis, Ass. Professor (Shipping, Trade and Transport) - University of the Aegean (Greece)
• Michel Savy, Professor (Economy) - University of Paris-Est (France)
• Brian Slack, Distinguished Professor Emeritus (Geography) – Concordia University (Canada)
• Benjamin Steck, Professor (Geography) - University of Le Havre (France)
• Pierre Thorez, Distinguished Professor Emeritus (Geography) - University of Le Havre (France)
• Johan Woxenius, Professor (Logistics and Transport) - University of Gothenburg (Sweden)
• Juliette Dolique, Engineer, Projet DEVPORT, University of Le Havre, CIRTAI UMR CNRS 6266 IDEES
• César Ducruet, Research fellow for the CNRS, UMR 8504 Géographie-cités
• Olivier Joly, Associate Professor, University of Le Havre, CIRTAI UMR CNRS 6266 IDEES, SFLOG
• Laurent Lévêque, Associate Professor, University of Le Havre, CIRTAI UMR CNRS 6266 IDEES
• Hipolito Martell, Associate Professor, Compiègne University of Technology
• Christelle Merrien, Engineer, University of Le Havre CIRTAI UMR CNRS 6266 IDEES
• Arnaud Serry, Associate Professor, University of Orléans, CEDETE
With ports being a key component of modern tranportation system, there is a growing research interest in port economics, management and policy issues.
Maritime Policy & Management (MPM), the flagship journal of maritime studies, has been a publication that advanced the knowledge and understanding of ports since its inception in 1973.
With MPM celebrating its 40th anniversary, PortEconomics co-directors Theo Notteboom, Thanos Pallis and Peter de Langen, joined by PortEconomics member Aimilia Papachristou, have published a port study that provides an analysis of all port related scholarly papers published in Maritime Policy & Management (MPM) since its first issue.
The study examines 267 MPM papers, categorized in seven inter-related research themes providing for each category a content analysis including main research topics and methods, authorship distribution and the citation rate of the particular categories. The study concludes with a discussion on current challenges for port-related research as well as an identification of emerging and promising research streams.
The study is published in a special MPM, celebrating the 40 years of Maritime Policy and Management, edited by Wesley Wilson.
You might download the authors' version of the paper @ PortEconomics: 2013-Advances in Port Studies (Notteboom-Pallis-de Langen-Papachristou)
"Peripheral challenge by Small and Medium Sized Ports (SMPs) in Multi-Port Gateway Regions: the case study of northeast of China" is the theme of the new study of PortEconomics co-director Theo Notteboom, ITMMA-University of Antwerp together with Lin Feng, Dalian Maritime University, that is published in the 20th Special Issue of the Polish Maritime Research Journal.
The study focuses on the role of small and medium-sized ports (SMPs) in enhancing the competitiveness and logistics performance of multi-port gateway regions and associated inland logistics systems. The concepts developed will be applied to the ports in the northeast of China, a multi-port gateway region around the Bohai Sea Economic Rim (BER). Port competition is analyzed by multi-variable methodology and generalized common characteristics of SMPs compared to gateway ports, and the similarities of SMPs and SMEs are also compared. Later in this study is being analyzed the role of a SMP in such region in different variables: (a) cargo volume and market share; (b) international connectivity; (c) relative cluster position; (d) port city and hinterland connection; and (e) logistics and distribution function. The five-dimension analysis combined with in-depth cases study of typical Yingkou port describes a profile of SMPs in the BER and provides future study possibility for more SMPs cases worldwide.
You may download freely the study @porteconomics.eu: 2013-PMR-Feng and Notteboom
PortEconomics co-director Theo Notteboom contributed in the latest Port Technolgy International [issue 59], an article on "Cargo volumes on the European container port system".
source: Theo Notteboom (2013). Cargo volumes on the European container port system". Port Technology International, no. 59
An earlier contribution in Port Technology International titled ‘Recent traffic dynamics in the European container port system’ [issue 58] discussed the impact of the crisis on the port hierarchy in the European container system. The focus was mainly on the evolving traffic position in twenty-foot equivalent units (TEU) of specific multi-port container gateway regions in Europe.
In this contribution Theo analyses the recent changes in the total cargo volumes in European ports as well as in specific cargo groups. We also discuss the relevance of focusing on port throughput as an indicator of a port’s success. This contribution is largely based on Theo's keynote presentation delivered during the annual conference of the European Sea Ports Organisation (ESPO) in Varna, Bulgaria at the end of May 2013.
You can freely download Theo's article @PortEconomics: 2013-Cargo Volumes in the European Port System (Notteboom)
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